The most popular production and sales both decline

2022-07-23
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The downward trend of both production and sales is difficult to change in the short term

the downward trend of both production and sales is difficult to change in the short term

China's construction machinery information and meets the requirements of the "leadership in energy and environmental design" (LEED) standard

Guide: in the first seven months of this year, China's coal industry continued the downward trend of both production and sales, although the demand offset index released by the China Coal Industry Association in July was -8, Compared with June, it increased by 9 points. But on the whole, the prosperity of the industry has not been fundamentally improved. In China Coal Industry Association

in the first seven months of this year, China's coal industry continued the double downward trend of production and sales. Although the "demand offset index" released by China Coal Industry Association in July was -8, an increase of 9 points compared with June. But on the whole, the prosperity of the industry has not been fundamentally improved

at the press conference of "economic operation from January to July" held by the China Coal Industry Association a few days ago, jiangzhimin, vice president of the China Coal Industry Association, predicted that the coal demand in the third quarter and the second half of the year would maintain a small growth, the production capacity would continue to be released, the import would increase, the market would continue to show the trend of loose total supply and demand and structural surplus, the inventory of the whole society would remain high, the downward pressure on coal prices would still exist, and the industry would lose production capacity The task of de stocking is arduous, and the business operation will face greater difficulties. Since May last year, the coal industry has experienced a "cliff like" decline, and the power coal price has plummeted all the way. The industry is generally concerned about where the "bottom line" the whole industry can bear? In this regard, Zhang Hong, Deputy Secretary General of China Coal Industry Association, told the author, "we have made a rough calculation based on the 5500 kcal power coal price in Qinhuangdao and the profits of the whole industry. Due to Shenhua's strong profitability, when considering Shenhua, the industry's profit and loss balance point is between 580~590 yuan, and 620~625 yuan excluding Shenhua."

prices continued to decline

according to the statistical data released by the Coal Association, China's coal production and sales fell in the first seven months of this year. In the first seven months, China's coal output was 2.13 billion tons, a year-on-year decrease of 78million tons, or 3.5%. The national coal sales volume was 2.07 billion tons, a year-on-year decrease of 84million tons, or 3.9%

at present, coal inventory is still at a high level. At the end of July, the inventory of coal enterprises was 90.2 million tons, a month on month increase of 0.3% and a year-on-year increase of 2.7%; Key power generation enterprises stored 68.63 million tons of coal, a month on month decrease of 7.2% and a year-on-year decrease of 19.9%. Coal can be stored for 17 days; The coal inventory in major ports was 52.97 million tons, a month on month increase of 0.4% and a year-on-year increase of 13%

coal prices continue to decline. Since November, 2011, coal prices have continued to decline. On august2,2013, China's coal price index was 159.1 points, down 11.6 points from the beginning of the year, down 19.7 points year-on-year, and down 43.9 points from the peak in 2011. The price of thermal coal fell. At the end of July, the price of 5500 kcal/kg thermal coal was 425~440 yuan/ton in Datong, the main producing area, a month on month decrease of 25 yuan/ton, a year-on-year decrease of 75 yuan/ton, and a year-on-year decrease of 85 yuan/ton

in order to relieve the downward pressure on the coal industry, the state has recently issued a series of policies and measures for pre adjustment and fine adjustment, which will have a positive impact on the development of the coal industry (the control of electro-hydraulic servo valve is difficult to achieve), and the growth rate of coal demand may increase. At the same time, in the first ten days of August, the thermal power increased by more than 20% year-on-year, the average daily coal consumption of key power generation enterprises increased by 19%, and the number of days of coal storage in major power plants fell close to the normal level. In July, the Association released the market prosperity index, indicating that the market has improved. The demand offset index was -8, up 9 points compared with -17 in June. The association said that there are both weather reasons and macroeconomic development stabilizing factors. In the long run, the decline of the industry is still very large

the difficulties of enterprises have intensified

historical experience shows that compared with the cyclical changes of macro economy, the cyclical changes of coal industry are relatively lagging behind. Jiang Zhimin introduced that at present, the macro economy has begun to stabilize, but the development of downstream industries of the coal industry is still facing great difficulties, so the difficult situation of the coal industry will continue

statistics show that in the first half of this year, the main business income of Coal Enterprises above Designated Size nationwide decreased by 1.11% year-on-year, of which the income of large coal enterprises increased by 10.05% year-on-year. It is more difficult for enterprises to recover payment for goods. In the first six months, the accounts receivable of Coal Enterprises above designated size were 330.8 billion yuan, an increase of 18.88% year-on-year; According to the statistics of the association, the accounts receivable of large coal enterprises directly reported were 259.3 billion yuan, an increase of 31.3% year-on-year. The proportion of acceptance bills of most enterprises reaches more than 70%, and some enterprises even reach more than 85%

moreover, the cost of coal enterprises continues to increase. In the first six months, the main business cost of Coal Enterprises above designated size increased by 6.6% year-on-year, and the main business cost of large coal enterprises increased by 17.5% year-on-year. Industry profits continued to fall sharply. In the first six months, the profits of Coal Enterprises above designated size decreased by 43.3% year-on-year; The profits of large coal enterprises decreased by 40.8% year-on-year. Among them, 24 enterprises lost their three-year energy-saving products benefiting the people project. Through financial subsidies, they strengthened the promotion and use of energy-efficient products, improved the energy efficiency of energy-saving products, and did not wipe the lens with water. Heilongjiang, Jilin, Chongqing, Sichuan, Yunnan, Anhui, Jiangxi and other seven provinces suffered losses in the whole coal industry

the power of coal machinery "equipment" remains unchanged

with the decline of market prosperity, the orders of coal equipment enterprises decrease, and "running the market" has become an urgent task for enterprises. So, will this affect the scientific research investment and innovation enthusiasm of technical equipment in the coal industry

Zhang Hong said, "since this year, the difficulties of coal machinery equipment manufacturing enterprises have been more serious than those of coal enterprises."

he also said that the coal industry is a perfect system engineering, and coal machinery equipment plays an important role in its development process. The phased economic downturn may have an impact on the economic benefits and R & D investment of coal machinery equipment enterprises in the short term. The accounts receivable of coal machinery enterprises increase, and the difficulties of enterprises intensify. However, in the long run, the R & D and scientific and technological progress of coal machinery equipment is a long-term process. In general, promoting scientific and technological progress is still an eternal topic for the industry, especially for large enterprises

Zhang Hong told the author that coal machinery equipment has always been an important supporting force for the modernization of the coal industry. Especially in the last decade, the innovation ability of coal machinery equipment has been improved and the localization level of coal machinery equipment has been improved. In particular, the R & D and experiments of a number of large coal machinery equipment have promoted the adjustment of coal structure and contributed to the improvement of the construction level of large coal mines in the past decade. At present, in China's coal mining face with an annual output of 6million tons, complete sets of large-scale coal machinery have been fully localized. In the coal face with an annual output of 10million tons, the industrial test of complete sets of equipment has also been basically completed

the author learned at the meeting that at present, the technological innovation system in the coal industry, with enterprises as the main body, market as the guide and the combination of industry, University and research, has been continuously improved, the construction of scientific and technological collaborative innovation platform has been carried out in depth, and the transformation of scientific and technological achievements has been significantly accelerated. Phased achievements have been made in the prevention and control of major disasters in coal mines, the development of coal resources and the basic theory of coal conversion. Significant progress has been made in tackling key problems in clean and efficient coal conversion technology and in the construction of demonstration projects. The million ton direct coal liquefaction demonstration project has been successful. The indirect coal liquefaction and coal to olefins have been put into commercial operation. Progress has been made in gas drainage and utilization technology, and breakthroughs have been made in key technologies for the construction and support of kilometer deep wells. The core technologies and key components, such as complete sets of fully mechanized mining equipment with an annual output of 10 million tons or more, intelligent fully mechanized mining equipment, complete sets of equipment for large open-pit mines with an annual output of 20 million tons or more, have been basically localized

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