The hottest export slows down, and the Ministry of

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Export slows down the Ministry of industry and information technology said that the downward pressure on industry is still great

on the morning of July 25, the State Information Office held a press conference on the development of the national industrial communication industry in the first half of 2012. Zhuhongren, a spokesman and chief Engineer of the Ministry of industry and information technology, said that the industrial economy showed a trend of slowing down and stabilizing in the first half of the year, but the downward pressure on the industrial economy is still great

in the first half of this year, the added value of industries above designated size increased by 10.5% year-on-year, down 3.8 percentage points compared with the same period last year

according to Zhu Hongren's analysis, the delivery value of industrial exports in the first half of the year increased by only 7.1% year-on-year, and the growth rate fell by 12 percentage points year-on-year. In the first half of the year, the growth rate of industrial added value above Designated Size fell by 3.8 percentage points year-on-year. We estimated the impact of exports, which was close to one-third

slow to steady

in the case of significant weakening of external demand, the added value of industries above Designated Size in the first half of the year still maintained a double-digit growth rate, which is not low compared with developed or emerging economies, Zhu Hongren said

in the first half of this year, the added value of industries above designated size increased by 11.6% year-on-year in the first quarter and 9.5% in the second quarter. From the perspective of quarter, it showed a downward trend, but from the perspective of monthly data, it increased by 9.3%, 9.6% and 9.5% respectively in April, may and June

the industrial growth rate is still in the process of falling, and all walks of life are also paying attention to whether this decline tends to be stable

Zhu Hongren judged that the trend of slowing down and stabilizing appeared

the reason given by him is that the raw material industry, which accounts for a large proportion of the total industrial added value, fell more in the first quarter, but the monthly growth rate of added value from the second quarter was 9.1%, 9.3% and 10.1% respectively. In particular, the equipment manufacturing industry increased by 9.1% in the second quarter, roughly similar to the growth rate in the first quarter

if we compare this economic decline with the decline after the impact of the financial crisis at the end of 2008, the decline in industrial growth rate is somewhat obvious, but this is beneficial to detect materials with very large or very small elongation and obtain the adjustment characteristics of accurate experimental results

from the perspective of corporate profits, the difficulties of enterprises have increased, but there has not been a large-scale decline in benefits

according to the data of the National Bureau of statistics, in the first five months of this year, the profits of Industrial Enterprises above Designated Size fell by 2.4% year-on-year, and the loss of enterprises was 17%. At the beginning of 2009, the economic benefits of industrial enterprises fell sharply, and the maximum loss of enterprises reached about 25%. In order to avoid affecting the experimental results, Zhu Hongren believes that the evidence of stabilization has been relatively obvious in the industrial industry

another stabilizing data is the HSBC China Manufacturing Purchasing Manager index, which rose to a five month high of 49.5 in July

Quhongbin (Weibo), chief economist of HSBC in Greater China, said that the rebound of PMI data in July was mainly driven by output, including the new order index, which also recovered, but the range was relatively weak. Despite the recovery, the slowdown in manufacturing business activities has not been significantly reversed, and the overall PMI index is still below 50, lower than the long-term average of 51.9. The new order index shows that domestic demand has not yet recovered significantly, and the pressure on the job market has also increased

Zhu Hongren also admitted that the foundation for stabilization needs to be further consolidated, and downward pressure still exists. Under the tight market environment and general overcapacity, the market expectation of downward price increases, exacerbating the operating difficulties of production enterprises

three mountains of small and medium-sized enterprises

in early July, the Department of small and medium-sized enterprises of the Ministry of industry and information technology held a symposium with some deputies to the National People's Congress who were concerned about the development of small and medium-sized enterprises in Jiangsu Province

the delegates reported that due to the recent decline in the efficiency of enterprises and the reduction of local tax sources, some local governments have increased the intensity of tax inspection in order to complete the task of tax collection and payment, resulting in an increase in the tax burden of some small and medium-sized enterprises, which has exacerbated the operational difficulties of small and medium-sized enterprises

delegates hoped that this phenomenon would attract the attention of government departments. Zheng Xin, director of the Department of small and medium-sized enterprises, said on the spot that he would seriously study the opinions and suggestions put forward by the representatives with relevant departments

the data released by the Ministry of human resources and social security on the same day showed that 6.94 million new urban jobs were created in the first half of the year, accounting for 77% of the annual target, but there were also some hidden worries under the domestic economic downturn

To a certain extent, this can promote the development of all industries

in the first half of this year, the central government issued the notice on further supporting the healthy development of small and micro enterprises to increase the support for small and micro enterprises, but it still needs a process to implement the policy into enterprises

according to the investigation of the Ministry of industry and information technology, at present, many enterprises report problems, such as the rapid increase of enterprise costs, the heavy tax burden on enterprises, and the high financing costs

the second quarter macroeconomic report released by Tianze recently pointed out that labor and production costs are high, taxes are high, financing is difficult and expensive, and asset foam promotes the cost of the real economy, which are the three mountains faced by small and medium-sized enterprises. It is not feasible to adopt Keynesian expansionary monetary policy only, and fundamental system reform and structural adjustment are needed

this year, the central government allocated 14.17 billion special funds for scientific and technological innovation and technological progress of small and medium-sized enterprises. Support the development of credit guarantee institutions for small and medium-sized enterprises, implement financial policies and other measures, and leverage the purchase skills of social capital universal testing machine to flow to small and medium-sized enterprises

Zhu Hongren said that although the country has issued some important policies, it is more important to implement these policies, which should be applied to small and micro enterprises. How to better support the development of small and micro enterprises, there are still many problems to be studied, and there is still a lot of work to be implemented. I also hope that under the current tight market environment, we can increase our concern and support for small and micro enterprises in all aspects

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